News and Updates

Telesat - a Fourth Satellite Internet Competitor

Domain industry news - Mon, 2017-11-13 20:58

Telesat will begin with only 117 satellites while SpaceX and the others plan to launch thousands — how can they hope to compete? The answer lies in their patent-pending deployment plan.

I've been following SpaceX, OneWeb and Boeing satellite Internet projects, but have not mentioned Telesat's project. Telesat is a Canadian company that has provided satellite communication service since 1972. (They claim their "predecessors" worked on Telstar, which relayed the first intercontinental transmission, in 1962). Earlier this month, the FCC approved Telesat's petition to provide Internet service in the US using a proposed constellation of 117 low-Earth orbit (LEO) satellites.

Note that Telesat will begin with only 117 satellites while SpaceX and the others plan to launch thousands — how can they hope to compete? The answer lies in their patent-pending approach to deployment. They plan a polar-orbit constellation of six equally-spaced (30 degrees apart) planes inclined at 99.5 degrees at an altitude of approximately 1,000 kilometers and an inclined-orbit constellation of five equally-spaced (36 degrees apart) planes inclined at 37.4 degrees at an approximate altitude of 1,248 kilometers.

Telesat's LEO constellation will combine polar (green) and inclined (red) orbits.

This hybrid polar-inclined constellation will result in global coverage with a minimum elevation angle of approximately 20 degrees using their ground stations in Svalbard Norway and Inuvic Canada. Their analysis shows that 168 polar-orbit satellites would be required to match the global coverage of their 117-satellite hybrid constellation and according to Erwin Hudson, Vice President of Telesat LEO, their investment per Gbps of sellable capacity will be as low, or lower than, any existing or announced satellite system. They also say their hybrid architecture will simplify spectrum-sharing.

An inter-constellation route (source)The figure (right) from their patent application illustrates hybrid routing. The first hop in a route to the Internet for a user in a densely populated area like Mexico City (410) would be to a visible inclined-orbit satellite (420). The next hop would be to a satellite in the polar-orbit constellation (430), then to a ground station on the Internet (440).

The up and downlinks will use radio frequencies, and the inter-satellite links will use optical transmission. Since the ground stations are in sparsely populated areas and the distances between satellites are low near the poles, capacity will be balanced. This scheme may result in Telesat customers experiencing slightly higher latencies than those of their competitors, but the difference will be negligible for nearly all applications.

They will launch two satellites this year — one on a Russian Soyuz rocket and the other on an Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle. These will be used in tests and Telesat says a number of their existing geostationary satellite customers are enthusiastic about participating in the tests. They will launch their phase 2 satellites beginning in 2020 and commence commercial service in 2021. They consider 25 satellites per launch vehicle a practical number so they will have global availability before their competitors. Their initial capacity will be relatively low, but they will add satellites as demand grows.

Like OneWeb, Telesat will work with strategic partners for launches and design and production of satellites and antennae. They have not yet selected those partners, but are evaluating candidates and are confident they will be ready in time for their launch dates. Their existing ground stations give them a head start. (OneWeb just contracted with Hughes for ground stations).

Their satellites will work with mechanical and electronically steered antennae, and each satellite will have a wide-area coverage mode for broadcast and distributing software updates. Their patent application mentions community broadband and hotspots, large enterprises, ships and planes, software updates and Internet of things, but not homes as initial markets.

Telesat's Canadian patent application goes into detail on all of the above, and I'd be curious to know what exactly would be protected by it. They also consider their global spectrum priority rights from the International Telecommunication Union as an asset, but they will have to agree to spectrum sharing conventions and debris mitigation agreements.

Let me conclude with a suggestion for Telesat and the Cuban government.

OneWeb has committed to providing coverage to the entire state of Alaska by the end of 2020, and Telesat says they will have global coverage by 2021. I follow the state of the Internet in Cuba and think Cuba would be a good starting place for Telesat service. Cuba has the best-educated, Internet-starved population in Latin America and the Caribbean, they have very little domestic Internet infrastructure, and much of the infrastructure they do have is obsolete. Cuba is close to being an Internet "green field" and, since it is an island nation, their polar satellite "footprint" would not be densely populated.

Cuba could work with Telesat to leapfrog over several infrastructure generations. If Telesat can deliver on their claims, the barriers would be political and bureaucratic, not technical. Cuba is about to change leadership, and there is some indication that Miguel Díaz-Canel, who many expect to replace Raúl Castro, will favor Internet development.

SpaceX could also provide early Cuban connectivity, but dealing with a US company would be politically problematical, and Cuba and Canada have a well established political and economic relationship. Even if Cuba were willing to work with SpaceX, the current US administration would not allow them to do so. Connecting Cuba would be good for Cubans and good publicity of Telesat.

For more on Telesat and their plans for LEO satellite Internet service see their patent application and you can see animations of their proposed hybrid-constellation connectivity here and here.

Written by Larry Press, Professor of Information Systems at California State University

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Access Providers, Broadband, Wireless

Categories: News and Updates

GoDaddy files lawsuit to take down Whois spammers

Domain Name Wire - Mon, 2017-11-13 19:39

Lawsuit targets people and companies allegedly sending spam and saying they are associated with GoDaddy.

GoDaddy has filed a lawsuit (pdf) in an effort to take down one of the groups that it alleges is spamming offers to domain name owners and pretending to be affiliated with the registrar.

If you’ve ever registered a domain name without Whois privacy, you are probably a victim of the defendants or a similar group.

The lawsuit was filed in U.S. Federal District Court in Northern California against Usman Ghaznavi a/k/a Usman Anis, Salman Ghaznavi a/k/a Salman Anis, Silicon Valley Graphic, LLC d/b/a Silicon Valley Graphics (“SVG”), and Does 1 through 50.

It alleges that the defendants undertook a long and sophisticated scheme to spam domain name registrants to offer them logo services, web animations and more. Many of these spam messages pretended to be affiliated with GoDaddy.

This led to many complaints to GoDaddy. GoDaddy even received a letter from a lawyer threatening to file a class action lawsuit against the registrar for its unsolicited emails.

The defendants allegedly used domain names like g0daddydesigns.com, godaddydesignagency.com and godaddyanimations.com to run the scheme. They also used non-branded domains like route66d.com. (I recall receiving multiple text messages linking to route66d.com.)

GoDaddy was able to uncover the possible identities of the perpetrators by working with WhoisGuard to reveal ownership data of one domain. It looks like the defendants got a little sloppy, too; Godaddy alleges that they registered six of their infringing domain names at GoDaddy.

There are many groups spamming owners of newly registered domain names and pretending to have an affiliation with GoDaddy. This hurts GoDaddy and the recipients of these messages.

While this lawsuit is aimed at just one group, a big success could lead to a reduction in these scams.


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post GoDaddy files lawsuit to take down Whois spammers appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

Related posts:
  1. NBC Approves Two Go Daddy Ads for Super Bowl
  2. GoDaddy says It’s Go Time: new marketing, improved site
  3. GoDaddy fixes domain forwarding glitch
Categories: News and Updates

Deloitte Loves Donuts - Names New gTLD Giant North America's Fastest Growing Tech Company

DN Journal - Mon, 2017-11-13 19:36
Business consulting giant Deloitte has issued their annual Technology Fast 500 list and the domain world's Donuts was named #1 in all of North America!
Categories: News and Updates

Google Now a Target for Regulation

Domain industry news - Mon, 2017-11-13 19:35

Headline in the Washington Post: "Tech companies pushed for net neutrality. Now Sen. Al Franken wants to turn it on them." 9 Nov 2017

The time was — way back around the turn of the century — when all Internet companies believed that the Internet should be free from government regulation. I lobbied along with Google and Amazon to that end (there were no Twitter and Facebook then); we were successful over the objection of traditional telcos who wanted the protection of regulation. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) under both Democrats and Republicans agreed to forbear from regulating the Internet the way they regulate the telephone network; the Internet flourished, to put it mildly.

Fast forward to 2015. Google and other Internet giants and their trade group, the Internet Association, were successful in convincing the Obama FCC to reverse that policy and regulate Internet Service Providers (ISPs) under the same regulation which helped to stifle innovation in telephony for decades. The intent, according to the Internet Association, was to protect Net Neutrality (a very good name) and assure that ISPs didn't either censor or prefer their own content over the content of others — Google, for example. The regulation was acknowledged to be preemptive - ISPs weren't discriminating but they might.

This spring Trump's FCC Chair, Ajit Pai, announced the beginning of an effort to repeal the 2015 regulations and return the Internet to its former lightly regulated state. The Internet Association and its allies mounted a massive online campaign against deregulation in order, they said, to protect Net Neutrality. One of their allies was the Open Market Initiative, which was then part of The New America Foundation. More about them below.

I blogged to Google:

"You run a fantastically successful business. You deliver search results so valuable that we willingly trade the history of our search requests for free access. Your private network of data centers, content caches and Internet connections assure that Google data pops quickly off our screen. Your free Chrome browser, Android operating system, and gmail see our communication before it gets to the Internet and gets a last look at what comes back from the Internet before passing it on to us. You make billions by monetizing this information with at least our implied consent. I mean all this as genuine praise.

"But I think you've made a mistake by inviting the regulatory genie on to the Internet. Have you considered that Google is likely to be the next regulatory target?"

It didn't take long.

In August the European Union declared a penalty against Google. Barry Lynn of the Open Market Initiative posted praise for the EU decision on the New America website. According to the NY Times:

"The New America Foundation has received more than $21 million from Google; its parent company's executive chairman, Eric Schmidt; and his family's foundation since the think tank's founding in 1999. That money helped to establish New America as an elite voice in policy debates on the American left and helped Google shape those debates…

"Hours after this article was published online Wednesday morning, Ms. Slaughter announced that the think tank had fired Mr. Lynn on Wednesday for 'his repeated refusal to adhere to New America's standards of openness and institutional collegiality.'"

Mr. Lynn and his colleagues immediately founded The Open Market Institute. The front page of their websites says:

"Amazon, Google and other online super-monopolists, armed with massive dossiers of data on every American, are tightening their grip on the most vital arteries of commerce, and their control over the media we use to share news and information with one another."

Sen. Al Franken and the Open Market Institute held an event which led to the WaPo headline and the article which begins:

"For years, tech companies have insisted that they're different from everything else. Take Facebook, which has long claimed that it's a simple tech platform, not a media entity. 'Don't be evil,' Google once said to its employees, as though it were setting itself apart from the world's other massive corporations.

"But now, some policymakers are increasingly insisting that firms such as Google, Facebook and Twitter really aren't that special after all — and that perhaps it's time they were held to the same standard that many Americans expect of electricity companies or Internet providers.

"Sen. Al Franken (D-Minn.) became the latest and most vocal of these critics Wednesday when, at a Washington conference, he called for tech companies to follow the same net neutrality principles that the federal government has applied to broadband companies such as Verizon, AT&T and Comcast."

I'm not happy to have been right; on the contrary, I'm appalled. The last thing we should want is the government regulating Internet content, especially at a time when both the political right and the political left are anti-free speech. But there is no principled argument that Google's potential competitors, the ISPs, should be constrained by regulatory oversight while Google, much bigger than any of these competitors and much more dominant worldwide, can exert its dominance freely. Google truly opened a Pandora's box and let out a regulatory genie.

As much as I am against regulatory oversight of content, I do believe that the government has a very proper role both in antitrust and in truth in advertising. These are some of the tools which do need to be used to keep new or old oligarchs from ruling the world.

Written by Tom Evslin

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Access Providers, Net Neutrality, Policy & Regulation, Telecom

Categories: News and Updates

Court Finds Anti-Malware Provider Immune Under CDA for Calling Competitor's Product Security Threat

Domain industry news - Mon, 2017-11-13 18:26

Plaintiff anti-malware software provider sued defendant — who also provides software that protects internet users from malware, adware etc. — bringing claims for false advertising under the Section 43(a) of Lanham Act, as well as other business torts [Enigma Software Group v. Malwarebytes Inc., 2017 WL 5153698 (N.D. Cal., November 7, 2017)]. Plaintiff claimed that defendant wrongfully revised its software's criteria to identify plaintiff's software as a security threat when, according to plaintiff, its software is "legitimate" and posed no threat to users' computers.

Defendant moved to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. It argued that the provisions of the Communications Decency Act at Section 230(c)(2) immunized it from plaintiff's claims.

Section 230(c)(2) reads as follows:

No provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be held liable on account of —

(A) any action voluntarily taken in good faith to restrict access to or availability of material that the provider or user considers to be obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy, excessively violent, harassing, or otherwise objectionable, whether or not such material is constitutionally protected; or

(B) any action taken to enable or make available to information content providers or others the technical means to restrict access to material described in [paragraph (A)].

Specifically, defendant argued that the provision of its software using the criteria it selected was an action taken to make available to others the technical means to restrict access to malware, which is objectionable material.

The court agreed with defendant's argument that the facts of this case were "indistinguishable" from the Ninth Circuit's opinion in in Zango, Inc. v. Kaspersky, 568 F.3d 1169 (9th Cir. 2009), in which the court found that Section 230 immunity applied in the anti-malware context.

Here, plaintiff had argued that immunity should not apply because malware is not within the scope of "objectionable" material that it is okay to seek to filter in accordance with 230(c)(2)(B). Under plaintiff's theory, malware is "not remotely related to the content categories enumerated" in Section 230(c)(2)(A), which (B) refers to. In other words, the objectionableness of malware is of a different nature than the objectionableness of material that is obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy, excessively violent, harassing. The court rejected this argument on the basis that the determination of whether something is objectionable is up to the provider's discretion. Since defendant found plaintiff's software "objectionable" in accordance with its own judgment, the software qualifies as "objectionable" under the statute.

Plaintiff also argued that immunity should not apply because defendant's actions taken to warn of plaintiff's software were not taken in good faith. But the court applied the plain meaning of the statute to reject this argument — the good faith requirement only applies to conduct under Section 230(c)(2)(A), not (c)(2)(B).

Finally, plaintiff had argued that immunity should not apply with respect to its Lanham Act claim because of Section 230(e)(2), which provides that "nothing in [Section 230] shall be construed to limit or expand any law pertaining to intellectual property." The court rejected this argument because although the claim was brought under the Lanham Act, which includes provisions concerning trademark infringement (which clearly relates to intellectual property), the nature of the Lanham Act claim here was for unfair competition, which is not considered to be an intellectual property claim.

Written by Evan D. Brown, Attorney

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Law, Malware

Categories: News and Updates

October’s Top 5 Domain Name Wire Stories + podcasts

Domain Name Wire - Mon, 2017-11-13 16:59

What made news in the domain name industry in October? Here’s your answer…these were the top five stories on Domain Name Wire last month.

1. Kevin Ham sells domain names to GoDaddy – GoDaddy picked up a portfolio of about 100,000 domains, many of which trace back to Kevin Ham’s businesses. The deal came on the heels of another big acquisition…

2. Here’s why GoDaddy – Donuts deal makes a lot of sense – Analysis of why it made sense for GoDaddy to buy Donuts’ portfolio of (mostly) .com domain names.

3. Who won and lost in .Com? – GoDaddy and Tucows remain at the top of the list.

4. MerryJane.com asks: Is Kush.com worth $3 million? – No, but it could be a nice domain for a marijuana company.

5. Donuts’ numbers show promise for new TLD business model – Donuts shows nice growth in its registration base. What kind of renewal rates will it get when discounted domains come up for renewal?

Podcasts

#158 – How to Sell More Domains with Adam Strong (some good tips in this one!)

#157 – interviews with several domain companies from the Merge conference

#156 – Understand Blockchain with Ken Hansen (it’s like Blockchain for dummies)

#155 – From parked ads to blocking ads with Tim Schumacher


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post October’s Top 5 Domain Name Wire Stories + podcasts appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

No related posts.

Categories: News and Updates

Paul Nicks of GoDaddy – DNW Podcast #160

Domain Name Wire - Mon, 2017-11-13 16:30

What GoDaddy has learned by being a domain investor.

This week we talk with Paul Nicks, GM and VP of Aftermarket at GoDaddy. GoDaddy has become a domain investor by purchasing large portfolios of domain names. The company has learned a lot about selling domain names in this role, and Nicks will share some data and tips to help you sell more domains. We also discuss GoDaddy’s roadmap with Afternic/GoDaddy and how it plans to create a seamless experience in the domain aftermarket. Also: Donuts is growing fast, GoDaddy’s $50 million domain buy, bad three-letter domain cybersquatting decision and more.

Subscribe via iTunes to listen to the Domain Name Wire podcast on your iPhone or iPad, view on Google Play Music, or click play below or download to begin listening. (Listen to previous podcasts here.)


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post Paul Nicks of GoDaddy – DNW Podcast #160 appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

Related posts:
  1. What you need to know from ICA – DNW Podcast #128
  2. How End User Domain Buyers Think – DNW Podcast #134
  3. Chad Folkening – DNW Podcast #154
Categories: News and Updates

Domain reads: .Com for uptime, .Bank transitions

Domain Name Wire - Mon, 2017-11-13 15:03

Domain industry pros should read these two articles.

I read a couple of interesting domain name related stories over the past few days that should be interesting to DNW readers. They give perspectives on domain names from people outside the domain name industry.

The first is a story from social media stream company Stream titled Why Stream Stopped Using .IO Domain Names for Production Traffic.

People in the domain industry often talk about the confusion of using alternatives to dominant top level domain names like .com. But Stream has another reason to choose a mainstream TLD: uptime.

The company uses the domain name GetStream.io for its website and also used a .io domain for its API. But a failure by the .io registry on September 20th made it rethink this.

Verisign talks a lot about its uptime record. Here’s a company recognizing that.

After the registry technical issues, Stream decided to move its production domain name to a .com and will add a .org as a backup.

Some of these catchy country code domain extensions are being snapped up by new companies, but I hope they understand what they are getting. .AI is a country code for a country of 15,000 people. The registry is run by one guy. He might be great at what he does, but he also represents a single point of failure.

Afilias has taken over the .io domain name so its backend should be better going forward (although this latest issue seems to have been when the domain was under its control). Afilias manages the registry backend for .org.

I haven’t heard of any downtime issues with new top level domain names. This might be because some are not used very much. As Stream pointed out in its post, if .com had an issue everyone would be talking about it and it would be fixed quickly.

The second article is about the .bank top level domain name. American Banker author Mary Wisniewski wrote The internet name many banks are afraid to use. It’s friendlier to .bank than the headline suggests.

It points out that many banks just haven’t gotten around to transitioning to .bank. They have lots of other IT projects to handle.

But it also talks about consumer confusion. Consider when Farmers & Merchants State Bank switched its domain name to FM.bank.

Here’s something I didn’t think about: consumers can be confused when a new domain is at the end of a sentence. They think the last dot is part of the domain:

The $1 billion-asset bank also noted some assumed when a sentence ended “.bank.” in its promotional materials, the last period was part of the web address, instead of perfect punctuation.

“We had to rework the sentence,” said J. Marty Filogamo, Farmers & Merchants State Bank senior vice president and marketing manager, chuckling.

Both of these articles highlight experiences people outside the domain industry have had with domain names.


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post Domain reads: .Com for uptime, .Bank transitions appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

Related posts:
  1. About those .io domain names…
  2. The accidentally successful top level domain names
  3. Kevin Ham and Mike Mann let these prize-winning domain names expire
Categories: News and Updates

What is Amazon Harmony?

Domain Name Wire - Mon, 2017-11-13 14:21

Amazon.com is registering a lot of domains for Amazon Harmony.

Update: Amazon Harmony is the name Amazon’s is giving to its support reps that work on musical devices. They offer discount codes if you call them:

 

 

Amazon.com has registered a lot of domain names related to Amazon Harmony over the past several days.

Normally when I see a bunch of registrations like this it’s easy to tie it to a new product announcement or acquisition. But when I search for “Amazon Harmony” all I find are links to the Logitech Harmony on Amazon.com.

Adding to the intrigue is a focus on the word “associate” after Amazon Harmony. Associates is the name for Amazon’s affiliate program.

The company has registered AmazonHarmony in a number of extensions. One domain it doesn’t have yet is AmazonHarmony.com. That’s used by a company that sells natural products from Colombia.

Here’s the list of domain names. What am I overlooking? Has Amazon made an announcement that I’ve missed?

amazonharmony.info amazonharmonyassociate.info amazonharmonyassociates.info amazonharmony.net amazonharmonyassociate.com amazonharmonyassociate.net amazonharmonyassociates.com amazonharmonyassociates.net amazonharmony.deals amazonharmony.discount amazonharmony.promo amazonharmony.qpon amazonharmony.shop amazonharmony.shopping amazonharmonyassociate.deals amazonharmonyassociate.discount amazonharmonyassociate.promo amazonharmonyassociate.qpon amazonharmonyassociate.shop amazonharmonyassociate.shopping amazonharmonyassociates.deals amazonharmonyassociates.discount amazonharmonyassociates.promo amazonharmonyassociates.qpon amazonharmonyassociates.shop amazonharmonyassociates.shopping


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post What is Amazon Harmony? appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

Related posts:
  1. Amazon: Kindle Beats Nook
  2. Is Amazon.com the biggest user of new domain names?
  3. Amazon.com foreshadows AWS re:Invent news with domain name registrations
Categories: News and Updates

Weaponizing the Internet Using the "End-to-end Principle" Myth

Domain industry news - Sun, 2017-11-12 22:39

At the outset of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) 100th meeting, a decidedly non-technical initial "Guide for human rights protocol considerations” was just published. Although the IETF has always remained true to its DARPA origins as a tool for developing disruptive new technical ideas, it launches into bizarre territory when dealing with non-technical matters. The rather self-referential draft Guide asserts research containing 19 different proposed "guidelines" based on work of a small group of people over the past two years known as the Human Rights Protocol Considerations Research Group (HRPC). The preponderance of the work and postings were those of the chair, and 2/3 of all the posts were from only five people. Whatever one might think about the initiative, it is a well-intentioned attempt by activists in several human rights arenas to articulate their interests and needs based on their conceptualisation of "the internet."

At the outset of the guidelines is a clause dubbed "connectivity" that consists of an implementation of the internet "end-to-end principle." Connectivity is explained as

the end-to-end principle [which] [Saltzer] holds that 'the intelligence is end to end rather than hidden in the network' [RFC1958]. The end-to-end principle is important for the robustness of the network and innovation. Such robustness of the network is crucial to enabling human rights like freedom of expression. [Amusingly, the first citation is not freely available and requires $15 to view]

There are several ironies here. The Saltzer article was written in 1984 shortly after DARPA had adopted TCP and IP for use on its own highly controlled packet networks. RFC1958 was written in 1996 shortly after the DARPA Internet became widely used for NREN (National Research and Educational Network) purposes and still largely controlled by U.S. government agencies for deployments in the U.S. and its international scientific research partners. Already, the DARPA Director who had originally authorized DARPA internet development in the 1970, had become significantly concerned about it becoming part of a public infrastructure and weaponized. The concern was turned into action as CRISP (Consortium for Research on Information Security and Policy) at Stanford University. The CRISP team described in considerable detail how the DARPA internet in a global public environment was certain to be used to orchestrate all manner of network-based attacks by State and non-State actors on public infrastructures, end-users, and trust systems.

Twenty years later, it is incredulous that decades-old technical papers prepared for closed or tightly managed U.S. government networks are being cited as global public connectivity mantras for human right purposes — after the predicted profoundly adverse CRISP exploits have been massively manifested. Never mind that the notion is also founded on a kind of chaotic utopian dream where running code somehow provides for unfettered communication and information capabilities for every human and object on the planet rather than business, legal, and economic systems.

To the extent that global internetworking capabilities have actually come into existence, it has occurred first and foremost by commercial mobile providers and vendors using their own internet protocols, combined with the telecommunication, commercial internet, and cable providers and vendors worldwide.

The "end-to-end principle" which has never really existed except as some kind of alt-truth political slogan, is plainly a recipe for disaster on multiple levels. It is disastrous because the complexities and vulnerabilities of our networking infrastructure today results in a highly asymmetric threat environment. Those possessing the massive resources and incentives to pursue those threats and "innovate," will always far exceed the ability of individual end-users to protect themselves — whether it is the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation or a neo-Nazi organization bringing about regime change in the West, or criminal organizations engaging in widespread cybercrime, or an ISIS trolling for recruits, or a malicious hacker dispersing malware.

To the credit of the Guide authors, they do recognize that "Middleboxes ... serve many legitimate purpose." However, what the human rights activists get wrong is that there is no end-to-end free ride. There are shared ownerships, service and regulatory obligations, and other fundamentally important requirements along all the transport facilities and cloud data centres that comprise the entire end-to-end path. It is also the "node intelligence" in those paths that is going to protect end-users from attacks and exploitations — and that is a human right as well.

So, if the activists really want to help end-users, they need to support the widespread industry efforts today across multiple bodies with solutions to manage the challenges. Simply promulgating myths about end-to-end connectivity simply furthers internet weaponization that defeats their own altruistic human rights objectives.

Written by Anthony Rutkowski, Principal, Netmagic Associates LLC

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Internet Governance

Categories: News and Updates

NamesCon Posts Las Vegas Agenda - Vets Offered 2 for 1 Tickets - Early Birds Get Deal on ICA Dinner

DN Journal - Sat, 2017-11-11 22:21
NamesCon Global 2018 is just 11 weeks away. We have more on what will be happening at the conference and other events going on during the show.
Categories: News and Updates

Data on Cuba's SNET and a Few Suggestions for ETECSA

Domain industry news - Fri, 2017-11-10 22:42

What would be the impact of, say, a $100,000 equipment grant from ETECSA to SNET?

I've written several posts on Cuba's user-deployed street networks (SNET), the largest of which is SNET in Havana. [1] (SNET was originally built by the gaming community, but the range of services has grown substantially). My posts and journalist's accounts like this one describe SNET, but a new paper presents SNET measurement data as well as descriptive material.

The abstract of the paper sums it up:

Working in collaboration with SNET operators, we describe the network's infrastructure and map its topology, and we measure bandwidth, available services, usage patterns, and user demographics. Qualitatively, we attempt to answer why the SNET exists and what benefits it has afforded its users. We go on to discuss technical challenges the network faces, including scalability, security, and organizational issues.

You should read the paper — it's interesting and well-written — but I can summarize a few points that caught my attention.

* * *

The Street Network in Havana – Community-created map showing the service areas of several SNET pillars spanning metro Havana. Source

SNET is a decentralized network comprised of local nodes, each serving up to 200 users in a neighborhood. The users connect to local nodes using Ethernet cables strung over rooftops, etc. or WiFi. The local nodes connect to regional "pillars" and the pillars peer with each other over fixed wireless links. The node and pillar administrators form a decentralized organization, setting policy, supporting users and keeping their servers running and online as best they can. (This reminds me of my school's first Web server — a Windows 3 PC on my desk that crashed frequently).

SNET organization Source

The average utilized bandwidth between two pillars during a 24-hour period was 120 Mb/s of a maximum throughput of 250 Mb/s and the authors concluded that throughput is generally constrained by the available bandwidth in the WiFi links between pillars. As such, faster inter-pillar links and/or adding new pillars would improve performance. Faster links from local nodes to pillars, new node servers, etc. would also add to capacity and availability, but that hardware would cost money. The Cuban government would probably see the provision of outside funds as subversive, but what would be the impact of, say, a $100,000 equipment grant from ETECSA to SNET?

The paper drills down on the network topology, discusses applications and presents usage and performance statistics. Forums are one of the applications and one of the forums is Netlab, a technical community of over 6,000 registered members who have made over 81,000 posts. They focus on open-source development and have written a SNET search engine and technical guides on topics like Android device repair. The export of Cuban content and technology has been a long-standing focus of this blog, and it would be cool to see Netlab available to others on the open Internet.

Netlab growth – Registration dates of Netlab users since its creation showing accelerated growth over the past year Source

The authors of the paper say that as far as they know, "SNET is the largest isolated community-driven network in existence" (my italics). While it may be the largest isolated community network there are larger Internet-connected community networks and that is a shame. I hope Cuba plans to "leapfrog" to next-generation technology and policy) while implementing stopgap measures like WiFi hotspots, 3G mobile and DSL. If SNET and other community networks were legitimized, supported and linked to the Internet (or even the Cuban intranet), they would be useful stopgap technology. ETECSA could also use the skills of the street net builders.

I don't expect ETECSA to take my advice, but if working with SNET is too big a step, they might test community collaboration by working with the developers of a smaller street net like the one in Gaspar or try involving communities in networking some schools, experimenting with community-installed backhaul or deploying interim satellite connectivity.

(You can find links to the paper, Initial Measurements of the Cuban Street Network, presentation slides and abstract here).

[1] See the collection of several posts on SNET here.

Written by Larry Press, Professor of Information Systems at California State University

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Access Providers, Internet Governance, Networks

Categories: News and Updates

How a DNS Proxy Service Can Reduce the Risk of VoIP Service Downtime

Domain industry news - Fri, 2017-11-10 21:13

Consumers are embracing VoIP services now more than ever as they get used to calling over Internet application services such as Skype, Facetime, and Google Hangouts. Market Research Store predict that the global value of the VoIP services market is expected to reach above USD140 billion in 2021, representing a compound annual growth rate of above 9.1% between 2016 and 2021.

For Cable MSOs deploying voice services, the ability to implement and manage Dynamic DNS (DDNS) is essential. However, DDNS updates pose significant challenges for large Tier 1 and 2 operators due to the difficulty of synchronizing DNS servers and DHCP servers in large "zones" or domains. When DNS servers become too difficult to manage, it often results in unreliable or even unavailable VoIP services. In cases when resynchronization is needed between DNS and DHCP servers, service downtime can take up to an hour to resolve. Customer will typically have higher quality of experience expectations when using voice services, so unwanted downtime can increase the risk of a negative experience and potentially cause customer churn.

The VoIP market shows no signs of slowing its growth, so how are today's operators going to manage the increasing complexity of synchronizing DNS servers and DHCP servers?

One emerging solution for today's operator is to eliminate the need for using DDNS altogether and instead deploy a DNS proxy service. These proxy services send DNS requests directly to the DHCP server, significantly simplifying the management of large DNS zones and reducing the risk of VoIP service downtime. Because the DHCP server already knows the relationship between the IP and Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN), since it is the authority on IP-FQDN mapping, a DNS Proxy Service can request the mapping directly from the DHCP server without the necessity of completing dynamic DNS updates and the headache of managing large DNS zones.

In many cases, this simple solution can be integrated seamlessly with existing or updated network topologies, making the most of an operator's existing device provisioning investments. As a result, DNS synchronization is no longer a concern since the DHCP server is where the IP-to-FQDN assignment originates. This means increased reliability of the DNS solution, less chance of subscriber service downtime, and by association, reduced risk of customer churn.

Learn more about providing higher availability of mission-critical services such as VoIP by reading the Incognito DNS Proxy Service fact sheet.

Written by Pat Kinnerk, Senior Product Manager at Incognito Software Systems

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Access Providers, DNS, VoIP

Categories: News and Updates

An example of how to reduce domain confusion

Domain Name Wire - Fri, 2017-11-10 20:13

This company’s decision to use a .net domain is a mistake.

I was cleaning out my inbox this afternoon when I came across two emails from my daughter’s school about student photos.

The first email announced that school photos were in and we can order copies from the photography company Strawbridge at Strawbridge.com.

Shortly thereafter, the second email arrived stating — oops! — it’s Strawbridge.net.

Strawbridge.com is owned by Macy’s (here’s why).

I think the photography company’s decision to use Strawbridge.net is a mistake. Its formal company name is Strawbridge Studios. They could buy StrawbridgeStudios.com on Afternic for only $1,816. It’s a bit longer but is less likely to lead to confusion.

Even a new TLD choice like Strawbridge.photos is less likely to lead to confusion than using the .net.

Or perhaps, since Macy’s no longer uses the Strawbridge brand, the photography company should try to work out a deal with the struggling department store.


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post An example of how to reduce domain confusion appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

No related posts.

Categories: News and Updates

Internet Hall of Fame Inductees Gather at GNTC to Discuss New Generation of Internet Infrastructure

Domain industry news - Fri, 2017-11-10 18:37

Confronted with the rapid development of the Internet, the traditional network is facing severe challenges. Therefore, it is imperative to accelerate the construction of global network infrastructure and build a new generation of Internet infrastructure to adapt to the Internet of Everything and the intelligent society. From November 28 to 30, 2017, "GNTC 2017 – Global Network Technology Conference” organized by BII Group and CFIEC, will see a grand opening in Beijing. "Global Internet Infrastructure Forum", as the most famous link of the conference, will attract several international Internet Hall of Fame inductees as well as a number of authoritative experts in the field of Internet to discuss Internet infrastructure technology changes and infrastructure development and challenges.

Since human beings achieved data transmission between two computers for the first time in 1969, great changes have taken place in a few decades from military field to scientific research and even civil use, thus ushering in a brilliant chapter of "era of Internet" in history. However, as "Internet+" and industrial Internet deepen, it has become an increasingly clear trend that the Internet fully subverts all walks of life and becomes a common infrastructure. In this context, the existing architecture has exposed more and more problems in scalability, security and controllability and manageability due to its complex design, inadequate openness and low efficiency. As a result, it has constantly been improved in the industry for decades, but it is the fundamental way for future long-term development to upgrade Internet infrastructure in every aspect.

In the "Global Internet Infrastructure Forum" of GNTC Conference, father of the Internet and Internet Hall of Fame inductee Vint Cerf, Father of Korean Internet and Internet Hall of Fame inductee Kilnam Chon, the inventor of DNS Internet Hall of Fame inductee Paul Mockapetris, Internet Hall of Fame inductee Paul Vixie, APNIC's Director General Paul Wilson and other global Internet authoritative experts will gather together in Beijing. Meanwhile, presidents of organizations and institutions, senior management of Internet companies and global operator representatives will also be invited to attend the conference, focusing on technological change, infrastructure development, root server, new opportunities and challenges and other directions, and exploring that how will Internet infrastructure fully upgrade to adapt to the new world of Internet of Everything in the rapid application of IPv6, SDN and other network technology.

As the largest network technology event in China, there will be more than 2000 elites attending the conference. It will set up two main sessions, one roundtable forum, eight technical summits (SDN, NFV, IPv6, 5G, NB-IoT, Network Security, Cloud and Data Center, Edge Computing) and a number of workshops (P4, the Third Network, CORD, ONAP, etc.). By providing a platform for the parties to communicate and exchange, it is dedicated to promoting win-win cooperation and the process of network reconstruction.

Written by Xudong Zhang, Vice President of BII Group

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Cloud Computing, Cybersecurity, Data Center, Internet Governance, Internet of Things, Internet Protocol, IP Addressing, IPv6, Networks

Categories: News and Updates

Tucows’ revenue hit $85 million in Q3, company plans for GDPR

Domain Name Wire - Fri, 2017-11-10 17:26

Revenue hits another record as company works to meet EU privacy law deadline.

Domain name, mobile and internet services company Tucows (NASDAQ:TCX) reported earnings after the bell yesterday.

The company reported record quarterly revenue of $85.0 million. That’s up 73% compared to the same quarter last year, with most of the growth coming from the acquisition of Enom this year. Domain revenue jumped from $29.8 million in Q3 2016 to $62.0 million this year.

Quarter over quarter, the topline number barely budged. The company reported $84.2 million revenue in Q2 of this year.

On an investor conference call yesterday, Tucows CEO Elliot Noss said that the company continues to invest heavily in engineering to prepare for complying with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). (Learn more about GDPR)

The company sent a notice to OpenSRS resellers at the end of October suggesting that they speak with their lawyers about GDPR. The OpenSRS website explains how the company is preparing. It states that it will implement a post-purchase consent request regarding use of personal data.


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post Tucows’ revenue hit $85 million in Q3, company plans for GDPR appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

Related posts:
  1. As New Domain Registrations Fall, Domain Registrars Get Desperate
  2. .Com Winners & Losers: Big changes ahead
  3. Who won and lost in .Com?
Categories: News and Updates

Bigfoot says it was swindled in celebrity website purchase

Domain Name Wire - Thu, 2017-11-09 21:05

Company expected to gross $1.5 million per year from website but now only makes hundreds.

Michael Gleissner is keeping his lawyers busy.

I’ve written about Gleissner many times due to his questionable trademark and other activities.

This time one of his firms, Bigfoot Corporation, is suing (pdf) over a website it bought in 2014.

According to the suit, Bigfoot entered into an agreement in November 2014 to buy TheCelebrityCafe.com for $775,000, with $573,500 up front in cash. Bigfoot says the sellers represented to it that the site had annual revenue of $1.5 million and profits of $0.95 million.

First warning sign: someone with a site making about a million dollars in profit a year will sell it for only $775,000?

Bigfoot alleges that only a small fraction of the visits to the site were organic traffic. It implies that it did not know this until after it bought the site. In March 2015, for example, 8.5% of the visits were organic and the rest (19 million+ pageviews) were purchased traffic. Because of the purchased traffic, Google started blocking Adsense ads from displaying on the site shortly thereafter. (Google will not show ads on sites that receive low-quality or unnatural traffic.)

Revenue dropped to just “hundreds of dollars” a year after Google stopped serving ads, Bigfoot states.

Bigfoot alleges that the seller committed fraud. It is asking for the $573,750 it already paid for the acquisition to be paid back as well as $950,000 in consequential damages (that’s about how much it expected to earn in a year).

The dollar figures are pretty big compared to what most websites sell for on sites like Flippa. I’m rather surprised that the methods the site used to generate traffic weren’t discovered during due diligence.


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post Bigfoot says it was swindled in celebrity website purchase appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

No related posts.

Categories: News and Updates

Domainer files lawsuit claiming Roxi.com is stolen

Domain Name Wire - Thu, 2017-11-09 20:11

Lawsuit seeks to recover Roxi.com.

A domain name investor has filed a lawsuit (pdf) to try to recover Roxi.com, which was allegedly stolen.

John Lee of Precision Telephone Services, Inc. filed the lawsuit. The suit claims that he was the original registrant of the domain name in 1999. The domain name was subsequently hijacked from his account and transferred to another registrar after his email account was compromised.

It seems that Lee did not notice the theft immediately. DomainTools historical Whois records indicate that the ownership change occurred in the middle of 2015.

Lee filed suit in U.S. District Court in Virginia where .com registry Verisign is located. The suit claims that the registration violates the Anticybersquating Consumer Protection Act (ACPA).

Filing a lawsuit under ACPA in Virginia is a common tactic used to recover stolen domain names. The thief won’t show up and the court usually grants a default judgment ordering Verisign to transfer the domain name.

Stevan Lieberman is representing the plaintiff.


© DomainNameWire.com 2017. This is copyrighted content. Domain Name Wire full-text RSS feeds are made available for personal use only, and may not be published on any site without permission. If you see this message on a website, contact copyright (at) domainnamewire.com.

Latest domain news at DNW.com: Domain Name Wire.

The post Domainer files lawsuit claiming Roxi.com is stolen appeared first on Domain Name Wire | Domain Name News & Website Stuff.

Related posts:
  1. John Berryhill gets stolen EHT.com domain returned through UDRP
  2. UDRP panel doesn’t give back OnlineMBA.com, stolen from Moniker
  3. Lawsuit filed to recover stolen three letter .com domain names
Categories: News and Updates

Apple (Not Surprisingly) is Not a Cybersquatter

Domain industry news - Thu, 2017-11-09 18:50

It's highly unusual for a well-known trademark owner to be accused of cybersquatting, but that's what happened when a Mexican milk producer filed a complaint against Apple Inc. under the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) in an attempt to get the domain name <lala.com>.

Not only did Apple win the case, but the panel issued a finding of "reverse domain name hijacking" (RDNH) against the company that filed the complaint.

The 'LA LA' Story

According to the UDRP decision, Apple obtained the domain name <lala.com> in 2009 when it purchased the online music-streaming company La La Media, Inc. The domain name had been registered in 1996 and was acquired in 2005 by La La Media, which used it in connection with its online music service between 2006 and 2009.

Although Apple stopped operating the La La Music service in 2010, and the corresponding LA LA trademarks were canceled in 2015 and 2017, Apple said that it continues to use the domain name <lala.com> in connection with "residual email services."

Apparently seizing on the cancelled LA LA trademarks, Comercializadora de Lacteos y Derivados filed a UDRP complaint against Apple for the domain name, arguing that it "claims to have used LALA as a trademark before the registration of the Disputed Domain Name, since as early as 1987" — long before Apple acquired <lala.com>.

The complainant further argued that Apple "registered and used the Disputed Domain Name with the bad faith intent to defraud the Complainant's customers" and that "Respondent's passive holding of the Disputed Domain Name constitutes sufficient evidence of its bad faith use and registration."

Apple's 'LA LA' Rights

The UDRP panel rejected these arguments, as well as those related to the UDRP's "rights or legitimate interests" requirement, finding that the complainant had "put these assertions forward without any supporting argumentation or evidence."

Importantly, the panel wrote:

The Panel is of the opinion that, between June 2006 and May 2010, Respondent and its predecessor-in-interest made legitimate use of the Disputed Domain Name to offer bona fide services under its own LA LA mark. These services are unrelated to the Complainant and its LALA mark.

The Panel also wrote:

[T]he fact that the Respondent chose to cease active use of the Disputed Domain Name does not demonstrate in itself that the Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in the Disputed Domain Name. It is common practice for trademark holders to maintain the registration of a domain name, even if the corresponding trademark was abandoned, e.g., following a rebranding exercise. Apart from the goodwill that might be associated to the trademark, the domain name in question may have intrinsic value. In the case at hand, the Panel notes that the term "la-la" is often used as a nonsense refrain in songs or as a reference to babbling speech, and that there are many concurrent uses of the "LALA" sign as a brand. In such circumstances, a domain name holder has a legitimate interest to maintain the registration of a potentially valuable domain name.

(Interestingly, the panel said nothing about "La La Land," the 2016 movie that won six Academy Awards — and which uses the domain name <lalaland.movie>.)

After its conclusion in favor of Apple, allowing the computer company to keep the domain name, the panel found that the "Complainant was, or should have been aware, of [Apple]'s bona fide acquisition and use of the Disputed Domain Name" and that it "must have been aware, before filing the Complaint, that the Disputed Domain Name has never be[en] used to target the Complainant or trade on its goodwill."

As a result of this finding, the panel said that the Complainant had engaged in RDNH, which is reserved for situations in which a complaint was brought in bad faith and constitutes an abuse of the UDRP process.

Lessons from 'LA LA'

The <lala.com> case is interesting for many reasons, including the panel's findings about the impact of expired trademarks and the multiple uses for some trademarks.

But the case is probably most interesting simply because it was filed against Apple — a 40-year-old company that is ranked No. 1 on Interbrand's list of "best global brands" and has quarterly revenue of $52.6 billion. Companies of this sophistication and stature typically aren't sloppy enough to own problematic domain names, and anyone who files a UDRP complaint against a company of this size should expect a rigorous legal fight.

Plus, not surprisingly, companies like Apple are typically filing (not defending) domain name disputes. Apple has filed at least 37 UDRP complaints through the years, but the <lala.com> case appears to represent the first time that it had to defend itself against a claim of cybersquatting.

This case holds a lesson not only for companies considering filing a domain name complaint against a large and well-known trademark owner (be prepared for an uphill battle), but also for the trademark owners themselves: No one is immune from having a domain name dispute filed against it, so be ready to file a quick and effective response.

Written by Doug Isenberg, Attorney & Founder of The GigaLaw Firm

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Domain Management, Domain Names, Intellectual Property, Law

Categories: News and Updates

Qatar Crisis Started With a Hack, Now Political Tsunami in Saudi Arabia - How Will You Be Impacted?

Domain industry news - Thu, 2017-11-09 18:35

The world has officially entered what the MLi Group labels as the "New Era of The Unprecedented". In this new era, traditional cyber security strategies are failing on daily basis, political and terrorist destruction-motivated cyber attacks are on the rise threatening "Survivability", and local political events unfold to impact the world overnight and forever. Decision makers know they cannot continue doing the same old stuff, but don't know what else to do next or differently that would be effective.

Deloitte and Equifax are giants who discovered the hard way they were not immune. The Qatar crisis with damage in $Billions was triggered by a cyber-attack which a Washington Post report claims was perpetrated by its neighbor the UAE. Now comes the Saudi Tsunami with ramification that will impact stakeholders worldwide. If you thought these events in Far Far Away lands don't impact you and your businesses, then I suggest you take your head out of the sand, and fast.

Local Geo-Political events are sending shockwaves globally. To learn what to be on the look out for, or learn how you can mitigate them watch the MLi Group's "Era of the Unprecedented" Video on the Saudi Tsunami by clicking here.

Written by Khaled Fattal, Group Chairman, The Multilingual Internet Group

Follow CircleID on Twitter

More under: Censorship, Cyberattack, Cybersecurity, Data Center, Internet Governance

Categories: News and Updates

Theme by Danetsoft and Danang Probo Sayekti inspired by Maksimer